These Are The Voyages: A Celebration of Star Trek #6: Ensign Pavel Chekov

One constant in the sci-fi /fantasy fan bases is that while these stories may be created by adults, and heavily feature adults in lead roles, they appeal greatly to younger audience members and readers. It is for this reason that all too often creators will add a younger character to the story to appeal to that audience. These characters give the stories a since of wonder and fascination that would be otherwise missing from a cynical adult point of view, and also allow for meaningful exposition for ethos not familiar with the story or the world the characters live in.

Thus Batman had Robin, Superman had Jimmy Olsen, Captain America had Bucky

Ensign Pavel Chekov

Ensign Pavel Chekov

Barnes, Indiana Jones had Short Round, and the newer James Bond films with Daniel Craig envisioned Q as a tech-savvy young wunderkind. However while the characters became popular, and in some instances, such as Robin and Bucky, went on to be heroes on their own right, others were not so well received. One of the most infamous examples came in Star Trek with Wesley Crusher in Star Trek: The Next Generation. He was a young, over eager ensign who was written as an author avatar for Gene Rodenberry, and seemed so perfect that he could even out think the captain.

Contrast this with the reception of another young character on Star Trek, the ensign Pavel Chekov on the original series. While Chekov was young and eager, he didn’t come across as an annoying kid. While he was a skilled navigator, he never tried to show up more experienced characters, like Spock or Dr. McCoy in their respective fields. He was a character who could appeal to kids, but one not meant exclusively for them. As Rodenberry noted,

“We may well find our most important secondary character this season, certainly one which might give us our best entre to youth, is Chekov. The studio has been sufficiently impressed by the volume of Chekov fan response to sign him to a contract, one of the few secondary characters we have so optioned in our third season… most of us…tend to forget that Kirk and Spock and the others actually seem rather “middle aged” to the large youthful segment of our audiences. We badly need a young man aboard the Enterprise—we need youthful attitudes and perspectives. Chekov can be used potently here.”

When he first debuted, Chekov revealed in “Who Mourns Adonias” that he was 22 years old, making him the youngest member of the crew. Decades later in Star Trek: Generations when looking at the new crew of the Enterprise B, he remarked that he was never that young, to which Kirk teased that Chekov had been younger when he first set foot on the bridge of the Enterprise.

Oddly enough, Chekov didn’t exist in the shows first season. This leads to some questioning among fans in the film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn, as Kahn says he never forgets a face when he meets Chekov on Ceti Alpha Five, he claims that he never forgets a face. However, Chekov didn’t exist at when Kahn first debuted in the episode “Space Seed”.  Actor Walter Koenig, who played the ensign in the show, has joked with fans in the myriad of interviews he’s done since then, that Chekov had been in engineering during the shows first season and had gone to the bathroom and took so long that it infuriated Kahn and he vowed he would never forget his face. However, the canonical explanation, via the novelization of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn, Chekov had been assigned to night watch duty during the events of “Space Seed” and had thus ran into Kahn.

Despite the speculation, the only thing that is clear is that as Star Trek wrapped up its first season, Gene Rodenberry began to develop some new characters to add to the mix, which was where Chekov came in.

As Chris Gregory recounts in Star Trek: Parallel Narratives,

“A new introduction in the second season was the young ensign, Pavel Chekov…whose ‘Beatle cut’ hairstyle made him resemble Davy Jones, lead singer of US TV’s ‘Beatle clones’ The Monkees. Undoubtedly the main reason for Chekov’s addition was an attempt to attract younger female fans…”

In fact, when he first developed, much like The Beatles and Davy Jones, Chekov was originally envisioned as British. The memo from Rodenberry to the shows casting director noted,

“Keeping our teenage audience in mind, also keeping aware of current trends, let’s watch for a young, irreverent, English-accent “Beatle” type to try on the show, possibly with an eye to him reoccurring. Like the smallish fellow who looks to be a hit on The Monkees. Personally, I find this type spirited and refreshing and I think our episode could use that kind of “lift.”

However, that would change and Chekov would become Russian. As producer Herb Solow would later recount,

“Pravda, the official newspaper of the Communist Party, had criticized Star Trek as being “typically capitalistic” and questioned why there was no Russian crewman aboard the Enterprise. After all, the Soviets were doing quite well in the race for outer space…Roddenberry liked the idea. By having someone from behind the Iron Curtain on “our side,” he intended to show that people with opposing philosophies not only could learn to get along, but could in fact set aside their differences and cooperate to bring about a better future for humankind.”

However, other sources dispute Solow’s claim. After all, an American based program, especially with so many pro-American allegories like Star Trek would not have been shown during its original run in the Soviet Union. The show didn’t even reach East Germany until the late 1970s. William Shatner noted in his memoir Star Trek Memories,

“ You’ve heard this story, I’m sure: In early 1967, the Soviet newspaper Pravda writes a long, angry editorial, complaining that even though the USSR was first in space, there is no Russian aboard the U.S.S. Enterprise. Gene Roddenberry gets hold of the scathing condemnation of his xenophobic American television show, reads it over several times and finally comes to the conclusion that the paper’s arguments are well founded. With that in mind, he goes back into his office and immediacy creates the character of Ensign Pavel Chekov. That’s the story…here’s the truth: This long-established, widely believed bit of Star Trek history is entirely else, and was simply the product of an overzealous public relations department. ”

Walter Koenig indicated that it was more to honor the fact that the Russians had been the first ones in space before the Americans, starting with the launch of the satellite Sputnik I in 1957.Many other important firsts in space belonged to the Russians such as launching the first animal, a dog named Laika, into space a few months after Sputnik. Then in 1961, the Soviets launched the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin,  in 1961. Later they sent the first woman into space, Valentina Tereshkova, in 1963. For the Russians to not have a role to play on the ship would be nothing short of illogical.

In many ways, having the  Russian Chekov and the Americans Kirk and McCoy work together on the ship is almost prophetic for the current state of space travel. The American and Russian space agencies have been working on an International Space Station together for the past three decades, and after the shuttle program was grounded, the Russians have been ferrying our astronauts into space. The once rivals for space are now partners, and the Cold War is long over, the Russians and Americans didn’t nuke each other and the human race has appeared to have moved on beyond such petty differences, something audiences watching Star Trek thought impossible back in the 1960s.

As Mark P. Logan notes in his essay “We Owe it to them to Interefere” from the book Political Science Fiction,

“Chekov’s presence on the Enterprise crew reinforces the image of Earth transcending the Cold War, a change the creators of the show hopefully anticipated. The fact that Chekov works for Kirk, and American, as his superior officer, also symbolizes the situation where the United States prevailed in the Cold War. Under foreign minister Andrei Korzyrev, Russia has sought to be part of the West, just as Chekov submits to Kirk’s leadership. Furthermore, the motif found many episodes of Chekov’s Russian nationalism- no transformed into a benign joke..- is seen in his attribution of historic human achievements to Russia….Kirk as ever, is amused by this harmless nationalist barb. The Cold War is indeed  long over.”

Ironically, in giving Chekov the Beatle haircut and making him the youngest member of the crew, Chekov looked not unlike the counter cultural youths in Soviet Russia at the time. As Mikhail Safano noted in “Confessions of a Soviet Moptop” an editorial that appeared in the Guardian and recounted a young man’s love for the Beatles in Soviet Russia,

“In the Soviet Union, the Beatles were proscribed. In the early days, infatuation with the Beatles implied an unconscious oppositional stance, more curious than serious, and not at all threatening to the foundations of a socialist society…This was a paraphrase of the words of Mayakovsky inscribed on a stand in the literature classroom: “I would have learnt Russian in its entirety, exclusively from the things that Lenin spoke about.” In the 1960s, you could not be imprisoned for changing the name of Lenin to that of Lennon, but trouble awaited anyone who blasphemed against the name of the immortal leader: problems dished out by the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) could wreck your career.…There was a fashion to have Beatles hairstyles. Young people, “hairies” as the old people called them, were stopped on the street and had their hair cut in police stations…Yet the more the authorities fought the corrupting influence of the Beatles – or “Bugs” as they were nicknamed by the Soviet media (the word has negative connotations in Russian) – the more we resented this authority, and questioned the official ideology drummed into us from childhood…”

But Chekov’s young fans didn’t care much about the political allegory, or about the oppression of their counterparts in Russia. Chekov was their surrogate to the adventures of Kirk and Spock, reacting in a sense of childlike wonder at whatever new adventure the crew found themselves on. His Russian heritage would be used to good comedic effect during the crew’s fish out of water mission in Star Trek IV. Stranded in the late 20th century, Kirk tasked Chekov and Uhura with finding a nuclear vessel so they could procure some high energy photons to recrystalize their dilithium power cells.  This led Chekov to wandering around San Francisco in the mid 1980s when the Cold War was in its waning years, asking people,

“Please, please – We’re looking for the naval base in Alameda can you tell us where the nuclear wessels are?”

Chekov is even arrested by the FBI at the Naval base under suspicion of espionage He. makes a quick break for it, which resulted in him getting injured and sent to a hospital where Kirk, McCoy, and their new friend Dr. Gillian Taylor pull of a rescue mission to get him back.

Chekov would not be the only Russian character to be part of a multi-national organization. The Man from U.N.C.L.E, which concluded its run about the same time that Chekov debuted on Star Trek, focused on a multi-national secret agency, dedicated to protecting the world that included an American Napoleon Solo and a Russian, Illya Kuryakin. Marvel comic books would see the dazzling super-spy Natasha Romanova, also known as The Black Widow, join the Avengers and later S.H.I.E.L.D. Further, while the James Bond movies were known for the stereotype of having Russian villains, the organization these villains were part of, SPECTRE had ties to no specific agency, and very often the later films would see Bond and the Russians working won to bring down SPECTRE. These stories were all revolutionary for their day and showed that when it came down to it, political and ideological differences could be set aside to work together for a common goal.

Despite these heroic characters that would be seen on film and in comic books, they were still few and far between. The norm was to portray them as the bad guy, and often times have them see the light, as was the case for Black Widow in Marvel’s The Avengers, or with Tatiana Romanova in the James Bond movie From Russia With Love.

As Ian Gonzales notes in his essay “In Space, All Warriors are Cold Warriors” from Unwinnable.com,

“During the 1980s, there were a lot of movies and TV shows that portrayed the Soviet Union as an enemy or a foil for America. In G.I. Joe, the Joe team would match wits with their dimwitted but mostly noble Soviet counterparts, the Oktober Guard. In Red Dawn, the Communists came from Cuba and Russia to overtake the American west, turning it into a prison camp. Then there was Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, where Chekov gets mistaken for a Soviet spy in 1980s San Francisco. OK, so maybe Chekov wasn’t a villain, but director Leonard Nimoy got to poke some fun at the ’80s movie trope of the Russian spy. There’s even a point in the film where an FBI agent calls Chekov a retard…Pavel Chekov was a Russian in an America where Russians were either villains or buffoons. Unlike the contemporary portrayals of Russians in 1960s-1980s film and TV, Chekov was a clever and likeable fresh face that defied nationalistic prejudice.”

This is not to say that Chekov’s nationality was ignored. In fact during his earliest appearances he made it clear on no uncertain terms that he was just as proud of being Russian as Scotty was proud of being Scottish, or Dr. McCoy of being from Kentucky. As Walter Keonig recounted in an interview when asked about his favorite Chekov memory,

“I had an idea my first season that I thought was cute, but it was sophomorically cute so they disbanded the use of it. It was this chauvinistic idea that everything was invented in Russia. The Russians had been known to have said that upon occasion, things that they took ownership of, so that was kind of a gag. Chekov would reference that: “This was een-vented by leetle old lady in Leningrad.”

In at least seven episodes and one of the movies, Chekov mentions something being of Russian origin, ranging from the stories of Cinderella and Alice in Wonderland, to Scotty’s beverage of choice: scotch. So much so that during an away mission in the episode “That Which Survives”, Mr. Sulu attempted to mention an event that occurred in Siberia. Captain Kirk quickly silences him, saying that if he wanted a Russian history lesson, he would have brought Chekov.

Chekov clearly loved his country, considering it beautiful, as was seen in the episode “The Apple” when the crew came to a planet that was almost like a paradise and Dr. McCoy compared it to the Garden of Eden form the Bible. Chekov said,

“Of course, Doctor. The Garden of Eden was just outside Moscow. A very nice place. Must’ve made Adam and Eve very sad to leave.”

In fact, Chekov and Scotty would but heads when it came to their national pride. Whether it was old sayings, inventions, or Scotch vs. Vodka, the two of them kept each other in check. Yet despite this, there was never any animosity between the two of them. In fact in many ways, Chekov’s blood almost ran hotter than Scotty’s. In fact in Trouble with Tribbles, it was Scotty who had to restrain Chekov when The Klingons insulted the captain.

Chekov was also well known for his over-the-top Russian accent in which he pronounced all his “V” sounds with a “W”. Walter Koenig admitted in an interview  that while he was born in Chicago, his father was a Russian immigrant and he based his accent off of his fathers. The 2009 film went so far as to have the computer be incapable of understanding him, leading him to have to speak slowly and annunciate so it can accept his command code. His accent may even be part of the reason why in Star Trek V, Spock’s deranged half brother Sybok is more amused by Chekov’s threats than anything else when Chekov sitting in the command chair. After all, it is hard to take anyone seriously when they tell you, as Chekov did,

“This is Captain Pavel Chekov speaking. You are in wiolation of Neutral Zone Treaty. I adwise you to release your hostages at once, or suffer the consequences.”

Despite many laughs at his expense due to his age, youthfulness and his accent, Chekov was an incredibly skilled navigator. While the ship is sufficiently advanced enough that it could pilot itself, a human factor is needed as a computer can only run programs and not take into account any unforeseeable events. In space there can be anything from meteor showers, to super nova and in the universe of Star Trek they encounter alien probes, extra-dimensional entitles posing as dead presidents and Greek gods, to energy ribbons that can create a person’s own personal paradise.

The task of the navigator for the Enterprise is simple and straight forward, and is not unlike what a navigator has to do on a naval vessel or a plane. According to the US Navy’s official website:

“A navigator is the person on board a ship responsible for its navigation. The navigator’s primary responsibility is to be aware of ship position at all times. Responsibilities include planning the journey, advising the captain of estimated timing to destinations while en route, and ensuring hazards are avoided.”

It is Chekov’s job then to plot the course for the Enterprise, and determine the correct velocity, position and trajectory to get to their destination, and to take in account any possible objects they could encounter, and make necessary changes should an emergency arise. During the time period of the original series, the navigator also shared the tasks of a security officer, coordinating weapons crew for any combat situations that could occur.

Because of his young age, Chekov often looked up to the older crew members, in particular Kirk, as mentor figures. He was also good friends with the ship’s helmsman, Hikaru Sulu. He also served as a science officer for the ship, often times filling in when Spock was otherwise relieved of duty, or serving as acting captain. In fact as science officer, it meant that Chekov received the auto destruct codes for the Enterprise along with Kirk and Scotty.

He proved to be incredibly through in his task, and it is understandable. When the ship’s chief science officer is a Vulcan, it can be a tall order to step into his position. Thus, in “Who Mourns Adonias” when, the crew encounters an extra dimensional entity claiming to be Apollo from myth, and they conduct an analysis on the being and notice strange energy fluctuations, Chekov quickly rattles off a list, saying,

“Sir, some creatures can generate and control energy with no harm to themselves: The electric eel on Earth, the giant dry worm of Antos 4, the fluffy… The captain requires complete information.”

Later, in a deleted scene form the film Star Trek:Generations that sees Kirk not only go skydiving, but break the sound barrier, and Kirk is about to celebrate landing exactly on the spot he planned, Chekov points out, that his target area was 35 meters in the opposite direction. As the ships navigator, knowing the precise location of your destination down to the smallest fraction of a decimal point is necessary, especially in outerspace. Thus he would also have to have some scientific background, after all, if Kirk was going to charge him with retrieving radioactive power to repair their ships engine in Star Trek IV.

Chekov even assisted in stolen getting the Klingon Bird of Prey that Kirk and his friends used to travel back to Earth in Voyage Home , mainly in getting the cloaking device enabled before they make reentry. As he told Kirk,

“Cloaking device available on all flight modes…We are in an enemy wessel; I do not wish to get shot down on the way to our own funeral.”

However, despite his skill as a scientist, due to his exuberance, he was still unable to match the prowess of Spock. This is what made him such a perfect Dr .Watson to Spock’s Sherlock Holmes in Star Trek VI. Like Watson, he feels he has found a break in the case by finding the pair of antigrav boots in the footlocker of one of the crew members, even telling the officer,

“Perhaps you have heard Russian epic of Cinderella? If shoe fits, wear it!”

His moment is quickly ruined when Spock points out that in his haste, Chekov failed to notice a key detail. The crew member had webbed feet  and did not where boots, therefore, they could not belong to the crewmember in question and it had to be part of an elaborate frame up.

The newer films addressed Chekov’s jack of all trades mentality as well. In the 2009 reboot, since they had not met Scotty just yet, Chekov was the one to enthusiastically race to the transporter room to attempt to beam Spock and the important members of the Vulcan science council up to the Enterprise. He had been successful, getting a lock on all of them, but when the ground gave out from beneath the feet of Spock’s mother, Chekov was heartbroken.

Later in Star Trek Into Darkness, when Scotty did not approve of the refits and the new mission the Enterprise was being given, and resigned, Kirk, “promoted” Chekov to chief engineer, even telling him to put on a red shirt. The look on Chekov’s face was enough to tell the audience that he knows exactly what happens to guys who wear red on the Enterprise, and that this was not a good promotion.

Despite his double positions on the ship, Chekov was absent in the Star Trek: The Animated Series, which was considered by writer DC Fontana to be the shows unofficial fourth and fifth season. It was one of the most expensive animated shows on in the 70s largely because they had 90 % of the main cast reprising the roles from the original series. This was part of the reason for his absence. With money tight on The Animated Series, cuts had to be made someplace, and Chekov was sadly the only logical choice.

Chekov wouldn’t appear in Star Trek again, until Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Now a Lieutenant, Chekov served as the ships security officer under the command of the ships new captain. His role was minimal but his pivotal moment came in the following film. In Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn, Chekov was now a commander, and serving under Captain Terrell onboard the USS Reliant. Their mission had been a simple straight forward exploratory one to simply locate the right planet to conduct tests for the Genesis project. What they didn’t know is that the planet in question was Ceti Alpha V. It had been rendered inhospitable following a catastrophic event, and because of the deaths of many of his followers, Kahn personally blamed James T. Kirk for exiling them, even pointing out that Kahn had tried to murder Kirk and take his ship.

Kahn refused to listen to Chekov’s arguments and implanted  mind control bugs into the ears of Captain Terrel and Chekov  in order to try and gain the information needed on the Genesis probe and kill Captain Kirk. He was even forced to deliver a message to get Kirk to the planet. Terrel, under extreme pain from the eel took his own life, but Chekov was able to resist long enough for the eel to vacate his brain, and get treatment from McCoy. During the final battle against Kahn, Chekov resumed the role of security officer. Later, he was one of the four crew members that agreed to help Kirk save Spock and Bones despite orders from Starfleet.

Years later, in Generations, he and Scotty were the ones to join Kirk on the maiden voyage for the Enterprise B. A duty that Kirk did not look forward too. Originally, the idea was to have Spock and McCoy join Kirk, but due to Kelly’s health concerns at the time, and Nimoy finding the dialogue so generic any other character could have said it, Scotty and Chekov replaced them, and at times in clearly shows. Never the less, he was on hand to discover that the legendary captain as gone. In a later deleted scene he even lamented that he never imagined that their adventures together would end like that.

Chekov deeply respected and looked up to his older crew members, and they in turn regarded him for the skills that he brought to the ship. He was young, eager, and willing to do and try anything to please his captain and the rest of the crew. It was because of this he brought some necessary levity to the show, fitting into the crew so seamlessly that it’s impossible to imagine Trek without him. More importantly, he helped show the promise of peace that space travel could bring, instead of the dread of unending war between two superpowers, and that in time we would see fascism fade from existence. As he said in the episode “Let That Be Your Last Battlefield.”

“There was persecution on Earth once. I remember reading about it in my history class.”

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

FILM: Abrams, JJ ( Dir.) Star Trek. Starring Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Zoe Saldana, Karl Urban, Anton Yelchin, Simon Pegg, John Cho, Eric Bana, Bruce Greenwood,  Ben Cross, Winona Ryder, Chris Hemsworth, Jennifer Morrison, and Leonard Nimoy. Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman (writers). 2009. Paramount Pictures.

FILM: Abrams, JJ ( Dir.) Star Trek Into Darkness. Starring Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Zoe Saldana, Karl Urban, Anton Yelchin, Simon Pegg, John Cho, Benedict Cumberbatch, Bruce Greenwood,  Alice Eve, and Leonard Nimoy. Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman (writers). 2013. Paramount Pictures.

Davis, Lauren. “Gene Roddenberry’s 1968 Memo on Improving Star Trek’s Characters”i09.com. September 7, 2013. Last Accessed February 10, 2016.

“Navy Officer Titles.” Navy Officer Titles. United States Navy, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2016. <http://www.public.navy.mil/surfor/Pages/Navy-Officer-Titles.aspx#.V9xU7I-cHIU&gt;.

FILM: Nimoy, Leonard (Dir.)Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. William Shatner,  Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Merrit Butrick, Robin Curtis, Christopher Lloyd, Dame Judith Anderson, and Mark Lenard. Harve Bennett ( Writer). 1984. Paramount Pictures.

FILM: Nimoy, Leonard (Dir.)Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. William Shatner,  Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Catherine Hicks, Robin Curtis, Jane Wyatt, and Mark Lenard. Steve Meerson, Peter Krikes, Nicolas Meyer, Harve Bennett and Leonard Nimoy (Writers). 1986. Paramount Pictures.

TV Show: Daniels, Marc(Dir). “Who Mourns Adonais?” Star Trek. Starring: William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, George Takai, James Doohan, Nichelle Nichols, Walter Koenig,Michael Forest, Leslie Parrish, and John Winston.Gilbert Ralston, and Gene L. Coon ( writers). Original Airdate: September 22, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.

Gonzales, Ian “In Space, All Warriors are Cold Warriors”Unwinnable.com.February 21, 2013. Last Accessed Mach 2, 2016.

Gregory, Chris. Star Trek’ Parallel Narratives Pg. 31 2000 MacMillan Press. London, England.

Logan, Mark P. “We Owe It To Them To Interfere: Star Trek and the US Statecraft in the 1960s and 90s” .pg. 244. Political Science Fiction.

FILM: Meyer, Nicolas (Dir).Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn. William Shatner,  Ricardo Montalban, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Kirstie Alley, Paul Winfield, Bibi Besch, and Merrit Butrick. Jack B .Sowards, Nicolas Meyer, Harve Bennett, and Samuel A. Peeples ( Writers) 1982. Paramount Pictures.

FILM: Meyer, Nicolas (Dir).Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Kim Catrell, Christopher Plummer, David Warner, Rosanna DeSoto, and Iman.  Nicholas Meyer, and Denny Martin Flinn ( Writers) 1991. Paramount Pictures.

TV Show: Pevney, Joseph (Dir). “The Apple” Star Trek. Starring: William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, Walter Koenig, James Doohan, Keith Andes, Celeste Yarnell, David Soul, Jay D. Jones, Jerry Daniels, John Winston, Mal Friedman, and Shari Nims. Max Ehrlich( writer.) Original Airdate: October 13, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.

TV Show: Pevney, Joseph (Dir). “The Trouble with Tribbles” Star Trek. Starring: William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, Walter Koenig, James Doohan, Nichelle Nichols,  William Schallert, William Campbell, Stanley Adams, Whit Bissell, Michael Pataki, Ed Reimers, and Charlie Brill. David Gerrold ( writer.) Original Airdate: December 29, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.

Safanov, Mikhail “Confessions of a Soviet Moptop” The Guardian.August 7, 2003. Last Accessed April 6, 2016.

FILM: Shatner, William (Dir.) Star Trek V: The Undiscovered Country. William Shatner,  Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Laurence Luckinbill, David Warner, Charles Cooper, Cynthia Couw, and George Murdock. David Loughery, William Shatner, and Harve Bennett ( writers.) 1989. Paramount Pictures.

TV Show: Taylor, Jud. “Let That Be Your Last Battlefield” Star Trek.  William Shatner,  Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Majel Barett, Frank Gorshin, and Lou Antonio. Oliver Crawford, and Lee Cronin ( Writers). Original Airdate: January 10, 1969. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.

DISCLAIMER:

This Blog is not authorized, endorsed, or approved by any entities involved the creation, development, distribution or ownership of the Star Trek franchise. The views and opinions contained in this blog reflect those of the author and do not represent the views or ownership of the Paramount Pictures, Desilu Productions, CBS Studios or any other parties involved in the creation or ownership of the franchise.

PHOTO CREDIT:

1967 Paramount Pictures/CBS Studios/Desilu Productions.

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About jonathondsvendsen

Hi! Thanks for stopping by my blog! Somehow you stumbled upon it. Whatever brought you around, I'm glad you're here. I am a free-lance writer and independent scholar of pop-cultural mythology, living and working in Minnesota. An aspiring mythmaker, I dream of voyages through space, fantastic worlds, and even my own superhero or two. I am also an established public speaker and have guest-lectured for college classes on the topic of comic book superheroes. I graduated from Bethel University in 2007 with a degree in Literature and Creative writing. I also write for the website NarniaFans.com. Head on over and you can check out my book reviews , a few fun interviews and even my April Fools Day jokes.
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