It’s hard to imagine Star Trek without one of its most iconic characters, but there was almost a time when Mr. Spock was destined for the dust bin of television. When NBC requested that Gene Roddenberry reshoot the pilot among the things they wanted him to get rid of was Spock, fearing that with his pointed ears and eyebrows that he looked too Satanic and would give the children nightmares. There was something unearthly about Spock’s appearance, and unlike Martin in My Favorite Martian, he couldn’t hide his unique features.
It seems surprising, considering that television on that time featured such magical creatures as witch Samantha on Bewitched and the Jeannie on I Dream of Jeannie, that the pointy eared hobgoblin could cause this much consternation for network censors. The production notes from Gene Rodenberry addressed the Spock’s appearance probably
didn’t help matters much,
“The Captain’s right hand man, the hard working level commander of all the ship’s functions from manning the bridge to supervising the lowliest scrub detail. His name is “Mr. Spock”… and the first view of him can be almost frightening—a face so heavy lidded and satanic you might almost expect him to have a forked tail. Probably half Martian, he has a slightly reddish complexion and semi-pointed ears. But strangely—Mr. Spock’s quiet temperament is in dramatic contrast to his satanic look.”
Thanks to Oscar Katz at Desilu Studios, who airbrushed Spock’s ears and eyebrows out of all promotional materials, Rodenberry was able to keep Spock. There were some adjustments to the character, his skin was given a more natural tint, and more importantly he became a half Vulcan as opposed to Martian . Gene Rodenberry believed that humans would walk on Mars at some point in the 20th century and didn’t want to date the program. Despite the initial controversy, Spock went on to be a key part of the Star Trek mythology, and thanks to it the performance of the late Leonard Nimoy and science fiction television would never be the same.
Spock was the only character to appear in every single episode of the original Star Trek series, including the original unaired pilot. Calm, cool, collected, and always possessing a logical mind, Spock was the voice of reason on the USS Enterprise, often pointing out to Captain Kirk the folly of his actions. Hailing from the planet Vulcan Spock’s people favored logic over emotion. However, what would make Spock so iconic was his constant struggle between two worlds.
While Spock was a huge hit with the fans, perhaps what was most surprising was his instant appeal with females who watched the show. Perhaps it was his apparent loneliness, or the air of mystery that was about him, but something made him just as popular as Kirk with the ladies. Isaac Asimov addressed this in an article for TV guide entitled “Mr. Spock is Dreamy” in which he notice his own daughter found the Vulcan “dreamy “as was the vernacular that young girls used back then to describe attractive men. When he asked her why, his daughter replied that it was because Spock was so smart. Asimov concluded,
“Hollywood was of the definite opinion that for a man to be attractive to women, he had to be a big lug. I ran to Webster’s ( second edition)to look up the word and found no less than eight definitions. Definition number eight was: ‘ A heavy or clumsy lout; a blockhead.” It was school all over again…it hadn’t occurred to me that Spock was sexy. I had never realized that such a thing was possible; that girls palpitate over the way one eyebrow goes up a fraction; that they squeal with passion when a little smile quirks his lip. And all because he’s smart!”
Before Sheldon, Leonard and the guys on The Big Bang Theory, or Benedict Cumberbatch’s Sherlock, Spock was defining to TV audiences that intelligence was a trait to be admired, and even something women could find attractive. In fact, if Kirk could boast being the literary descendant of Odysseus, then Spock had an equally impressive lineage. Spock was half Vulcan on his father’s side and half human on his mother’s. In Star Trek VI The Undiscovered Country, Spock said, when it looked like the Enterprise had fired on a Klingon vessel yet all weapons were accounted for,
“An ancestor of mine maintained that when you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth. If we did not fire those torpedoes, another ship did.”
Fans took this to mean that Spock was in fact descended from Sherlock Holmes. While none of the media ever established if this was the case, it is a fitting lineage. Like Mr. Holmes, Spock tended to logically deduce everything, never once believing in coincidence. Spock, like Sherlock also did not quite understand ordinary social customs and morals often to the frustration of his friends. Star Trek VI took it to its furthest conclusion with Spock not only solving the mystery like Mr. Holmes, but having Chekov act as his Dr. Watson.
This human nature often caused him to come in conflict with his logical upbringing. It was this struggle to fit into two worlds. To the “nerds”, the children diagnosed with autism, and anyone who was somehow weird, different or somehow didn’t fit in, Spock became a kindred spirit. He looked like the rest of the crew, but there were subtle differences between him and the rest but as was often evidenced in many episodes where they were back in time, all he had to do was done a stocking camp or a headband to cover his ears and eyebrows. More over like many of the so called “nerdy” kids he had a loving mother who longed for him to fit in.
As his mother Amanda Grayson said in the episode “Journey to Babel”, in which they really developed the back story for Spock,
“It hasn’t been easy on Spock neither human, nor Vulcan, at home nowhere except Starfleet…When you were five years old and came home, stiff-lipped, anguished because the other boys tormented you, saying that you weren’t really Vulcan, I watched you, knowing that inside, the human part of you was crying and I cried too.”
The 2009 film highlighted this in an early scene in the movie depicting Spock’s childhood. At the Vulcan school three Vulcan youths come up to him with a new assortment of insults for the day, which Spock points out that it is their 35th attempt to illicit an emotional response from him. They tell him he has no place in the universe due to his mixed heritage, and that his human eyes look sad. Later when appearing before the Vulcan Science Academy and the Minister informs him that it is remarkable that he made it, due to his disadvantage of having a human mother. This insult to him causes Spock to withdraw his application and focus on Starfleet.
This struggle to fit in with the rest of the crew was something that resonated with Nimoy when he first took the role. As he later recounted in a 2003 interview with The Jewish Journal,
“As a Jew from Catholic Boston, I understood what it was like to feel alienated, apart from the mainstream…There were a number of values in ‘Star Trek’ that I felt very comfortable with as a Jew…The futuristic society is a meritocracy that values education, social justice and tikkun olam, repairing the world. That’s exactly what we were out there doing on the Starship Enterprise: trying to heal the universe.”
In fact it was from Nimoy’s own Jewish background that the actor derived the iconic Vulcan salute. Nimoy often recounted in his biographies and interviews that when he was a child he had visited an ultra orthodox synagogue with his uncle. He was instructed not to peak during the blessing, but having been eight years old at the time, he broke the rule and looked through his hands where he saw the priest make the gesture.
In Judaism the familiar symbol, which is done with both hands, represents the Hebrew letter “Shin” which stands for among other things El Shaddai ( God Almighty) Shekinah ( the glory of God) and Shalom ( the Hebrew greeting for peace). Appropriately the blessing is usually accompanied by the words,
“May the LORD bless you and guard you –
May the LORD make His face shed light upon you and be gracious unto you –
May the LORD lift up His face unto you and give you peace –”
The salute didn’t even come into play until the episode “Amok Time” which saw Spock returning to Vulcan as part of the Vulcan mating ritual. When they were writing the episode they knew they needed something alien. Due to the fact that no one outside of a few in the Jewish Community would know of the High Priest’s blessing, it was a perfect fit.
The phrase quickly became one of the most iconic in not only science fiction, but in television History. In the wake of actor Leonard Nimoy’s death, Apollo 11 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin said of Spock’s greeting,
“While the late Neil Armstrong’s ‘one small step for man’ as we began our exploration of the Moon back in July 1969, is ageless, so too, is Spock’s iconic ‘live long and prosper,’ a phrase that also spans time and space. It brought out the Vulcan in all of us; that for me, translated into a peaceful progression of exploring the vastness of space for all mankind.”
Despite all contrary beliefs about the character, Spock was far from emotionless, and not just because of his duel heritage. Long before, the Vulcans had been an emotional and violent race until a Vulcan philosopher urged them to embrace logic over emotion. His father, Ambassador Sarek elaborates upon this in the 2009 film, telling him after being bullied by other young Vulcans,
“Emotions run deep within our race. In many ways more deeply than in humans. Logic offers a serenity humans seldom experience. The control of feelings so that they do not control you.”
However, this also meant that deep down Spock would struggle far more with his emotions then a typical Vulcan. This is seen in the 2009 film after the Vulcan youths insult both Spock’s father, calling him a traitor and insult his mother. Kirk employed a similar tactic in the episode “This Side of Paradise” in which the Enterprise crew is infected with spores on an alien world that can only be driven out by an intense negative emotional response. After bringing him up to the ship, Kirk says,
“You computerized half-breed…What makes you think you’re a man…Your an overgrown jackrabbit. An elf with a hyperactive thyroid..Of course, you don’t understand…You don’t have the brains to understand. All you have is printed circuits…What can you expect from a simpering devil-eared freak whose father was a computer and whose mother’s an encyclopedia….Your father was a computer, like his son. An Ambassador from a planet of traitors. The Vulcan never lived who had an ounce of integrity. You’re a traitor from a race of traitors. Disloyal to the core. Rotten like the rest of your sub-human race…And you’ve got the gall to make love to that girl…Does she know what she’s getting, Spock? A carcass full of memory banks who should be squatting on a mushroom instead of passing himself off as a man. You belong in a circus, Spock. Not a starship. Right next to the dog-faced boy.”
Spock lashed out at the captain and almost killed him, until his logic finally won over upon him being free from the spore. This was one of the things that made the Pon Farr so dangerous in the episode “Amok Time”. Every seven years Vulcan males had to return to Vulcan to be with the woman to whom they were promised . In the process the male felt intense emotion to the point his blood would boil if he did not get some release. McCoy even did a diagnosis that if Spock did not get back to Vulcan in eight days Spock could die. As he explained to Captain Kirk,
“ The birds and the bees are not Vulcans, Captain. If they were, if any creature as proudly logical as us were to have their logic ripped from them as this time does to us. How do Vulcans choose their mates? Haven’t you wondered?…We shield it with ritual and customs shrouded in antiquity. You humans have no conception. It strips our minds from us. It brings a madness which rips away our veneer of civilization. It is the pon farr. The time of mating. There are precedents in nature, Captain. The giant eelbirds of Regulus Five, once each eleven years they must return to the caverns where they hatched. On your Earth, the salmon. They must return to that one stream where they were born, to spawn or die in trying. …I’m a Vulcan. I’d hoped I would be spared this, but the ancient drives are too strong. Eventually, they catch up with us, and we are driven by forces we cannot control to return home and take a wife. Or die.”
Defying orders from Star Fleet Kirk makes the trip to Vulcan to help his friend. Once there, he and Dr. McCoy are chosen to stand with Spock at his wedding. However as the ceremony began, Spock’s betrothed announces that she wishes to be with another Vulcan. In order to be released Spock must battle the champion of her choosing and she chooses Kirk.
Thanks in part to an assist from Dr. McCoy, Kirk is able to hold his own, until Spock seemingly kills Kirk. Released from his bond of matrimony, Spock is downtrodden, having seemingly killed his best friend and Captain. Once back on the ship he speaks with Dr. McCoy about submitting himself for disciplinary action in having killed the Captain. That is when Kirk walks up behind him to reveal that McCoy had shot him with a drug to make him appear dead in order to get Kirk out of there.
More importantly the audience, as well as Kirk and Bones see a big smile cross Spock’s face as he sees his friend. He regains his composure and when McCoy questions him, Sock lies and says that he was merely expressing his relief that such a proficient captain was still alive. Despite his best efforts neither Kirk nor McCoy believed it, knowing that deep down Spock was indeed happy that his best friend was still alive.
Spock’s ability to feel emotion was something that drove him all the more to obtain his father’s approval. This was seen in Star Trek V: the Undiscovered Country in which Spock’s half brother reached deep into the psyches of each of the crew members to bring out their most painful moment. For Spock it was the moment when upon his birth, Sarek looked on him and said in a cold tone that Spock seemed so ‘human’.
The wedge between Spock and his father only furthered when Spock chose to attend Star Fleet Academy over the Vulcan Science Academy. Thus Spock was determined to prove just how Vulcan he was. Every decision he made, while usually morally right, was backed up by sound logic. This came to a head in the episode “Journey to Babel”, in which the crew of the Enterprise was to help shuttle a number of delegates for a peace treaty, among them being Spock’s own parents.
During the trip, Sarek is framed for murder, and due to the stress of the questioning suffers a heart attack and needs an operation. Spock was initially willing to donate blood to help save his father. However , due to the human blood in Spock’s own it would not be a complete match. Spock offered to undergo an experimental procedure that would increase the production of the cells needed for his father, a process that was risky and both Dr. McCoy and Amanda would not allow.
Spock told them,
“Then you automatically condemn Sarek to death. And you, Doctor, have no logical alternative either. If you do not operate, Sarek will die. You now have the means to perform the operation. I am volunteering myself as the blood donor. I’ll be at my station until you require me.”
Later, he nearly had to rescind the offer when Captain Kirk was severely injured in an assassination attempt. With no other ranking officers available, Spock could not put the needs of his father, above those of the crew. However thanks to a talk from his mother, in which she told him she would never speak to him if he allowed his father to die, and some ticks from McCoy and Kirk, Spock underwent the procedure, and saved his father, while the crew cleared Sarek’s name.
Spock’s parents both helped foster the two sides of his personality. It was his mother, Amanda who often helped him cope with his emotions as was seen in Star Trek IV when the computer test on Vulcan asked him the simple question of “How do you feel?” She explained to him that the computer understood that he was human and the computer was aware of that fact. Spock felt the question irrelevant, to which his mother said,
“Spock …the retraining of your mind has been in the Vulcan way, so you may not understand feelings. But as my son, you have them. They will surface.”
While she often spoke of how much she loved him and was proud of him, she was often times frustrated by Spock and Sarek’s seemingly cold and detached attitude towards the other, at least by her human standards. Spock would not get to hear just how much his father loved him and was proud of him until decades later after his father died. Sarek was dying from a Vulcan form of dementia and shared much with Captain Jean-Luc Picard in part one of Star Trek: The Next Generation Unification two part episode saga. It was through melding that Spock could finally know how his father felt about him. Sarek even said,
“I never knew what Spock was doing. When he was a boy, he would disappear for days into the mountains. I asked him where he had gone, what he had done, he refused to tell me. I insisted that he tell me. He would not. I forbade him to go. He ignored me. I punished him. He endured it, silently. But always he returned to the mountains. One might as well ask the river not to run. But secretly I admired him, the proud core of him that would not yield.”
Spock would be faced with an even greater moral quandary in the episode “City at the Edge of Forever”, coming in contact with a hypergate, Dr. McCoy ended up in the early 20th Century. Kirk and Spock went after him when the Guardian of Forever gave them a mission to stop McCoy from altering the past. McCoy had inadvertently changed the past, making the world they knew non-existent.
Traveling back to the 20th century they found that he had saved the life of one Edith Keeler a noted pacifist who spoke of this glorious vision of the future and would manage to convince Franklin Delano Roosevelt to stay out of World War II. However, in the process the Nazis managed to develop the atomic bomb first, thereby winning the war. Spock surmised that the only way to save the lives of untold billions was to allow one to die.
This logical precept is best established in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn, “ The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few or the one.”
It was this principal that would guide Spock himself to make the ultimate sacrifice for the crew. The warp drive of the Enterprise was critically damaged and the only way to save everyone else on board was to go directly into the engine room and restore the engine. McCoy tried to stop him, to no avail. Spock’s unyielding spirit that his father spoke of and his moral desire to do what was right despite the high cost, outweighed any protests from his friend. In the process Spock was exposed to radiation. Kirk hurried down to the room, where his best friend lay behind the glass, slowly dying. There, the two exchanged their final words to one another,
“Do not grieve, Admiral. It is logical. The needs of the many, outweigh..(The needs of the few)…Or the one. I never took the Kobayashi Maru test until now. What do you think of my solution?… I have been, and always shall be, your friend…Live long and prosper”.
Later, Kirk would say of Spock at his funeral,
“We are assembled here today to pay final respects to our honored dead. And yet it should be noted that in the midst of our sorrow, this death takes place in the shadow of new life, the sunrise of a new world; a world that our beloved comrade gave his life to protect and nourish. He did not feel this sacrifice a vain or empty one, and we will not debate his profound wisdom at these proceedings. Of my friend, I can only say this: of all the souls I have encountered in my travels, his was the most… human.”
This was perhaps, one of the most pivotal moments in Star Trek history. Prior to this, most deaths on screen were those of an expendable Red Shirt, not a character who was so loved by the fans and the characters in the show. It brought real weight to the story and showed the audience that these characters they grew up with may not all be safe. More importantly, it demonstrated that despite being more of the “sidekick” Spock was one of the most noble and heroic members of Starfleet. As the late critic Roger Ebert noted in his review of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn,
“The peculiar thing about Spock is that, being half human and half Vulcan and therefore possessing about half the usual quota of human emotions, he consistently, if dispassionately, behaves as if he possessed very heroic human emotions indeed. He makes a choice in “Star Trek II” that would be made only by a hero, a fool, or a Vulcan. And when he makes his decision, the movie rises to one of its best scenes, because the Star Trek stories have always been best when they centered around their characters.”
Naturally, Spock’s death would not be permanent. Before dealing with the engine in Wrath of Kahn, he was seen putting his hand on the head of a subdued Dr. McCoy in a Vulcan Mind meld who had been trying to stop him. Spock only told him one word, “remember”. It was revealed in the following movie, The Search for Spock, that the Vulcan had deposited his katra, or soul into Dr. McCoy so he could have a chance to live.
Kirk and the crew violated Star Fleet orders and returned to the Genesis planet to rescue their friend and restore his katra to him. However, this meant that in some ways, Spock had to start all over again in terms of development and understanding his human nature. None the less, the crew was back together and ready to continue on their adventures.
They would have only a few more as they grew older and near retirement years. In The Undiscovered Country, Spock’s most critical flaw was finally exposed. His own arrogance. He had not only vouched for Kirk, knowing full well his friends feelings but had strongly advocated for a young half Vulcan cadet named Valeris by the sole virtue she was a Vulcan. When it turned out that Valeris staged the assassination, and in the process framed Captain Kirk, and tried to end the peace process between the Klingons and Federation, Spock was crestfallen.
As he and Kirk reflected on their own prejudiced feelings, Spock admitted,
“Is it possible …that we two, you and I, have grown so old and so inflexible …that we have outlived our usefulness? …Would that constitute a joke?”
They saved the peace accords in time, and the Federation was ushered into a new era. Decades later, Spock found himself on a new mission of peace to try and reconcile the two worlds of Vulcan and Romulans in part two of the Star Trek: The Next Generation story arc “Unification”. It even looked for a moment like Spock betrayed he federation. However, as Spock told Captain Picard,
“An inexorable evolution toward a Vulcan philosophy has already begun. Like the first Vulcans, these people are struggling to a new enlightenment and it may take decades or even centuries for them to reach it but they will reach it… and I must help.”
Spock knew how important it was to have someone by his side to help navigate the minefield between emotion and logic. He had that with his mother, and more importantly, he had that with his friends on the Enterprise, chief among them Captain James T. Kirk. As far as pop cultural friendships go, Kirk and Spock are one of the definitive pairs Kirk would be lost without Spock’s advice, and Spock would be unable to understand humans without Kirk. They both have strengths that in the end made them better people.
As he would tell a younger version of himself in an alternate time line when asked why he did not just reveal himself and the truth earlier, and instead worked to bring Kirk and Spock back together,
“Because, you needed each other. I could not deprive you of the revelation of all that you could accomplish together. Of a friendship, that would define you both, in ways you cannot yet realize.”
For Leonard Nimoy.
FILM: Abrams, JJ ( Dir.) Star Trek. Starring Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Zoe Saldana, Karl Urban, Anton Yelchin, Simon Pegg, John Cho, Eric Bana, Bruce Greenwood, Ben Cross, Winona Ryder, Chris Hemsworth, Jennifer Morrison, and Leonard Nimoy. Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman (writers). 2009. Paramount Pictures.
TV SHOW: Bole, Cliff “Unification II” Star Trek: The Next Generation. Starring Patrick Stewart, Jonathan Frakes, LeVar Burton, Michael Dorn, Gates McFadden, Marina Sirtis, Brent Spiner, and Leonard Nimoy. Michael Piller and Rich Berman ( writers).Airdate: November 9, 1991. Paramount Television.
Asimov, Isaac “Mr. Spock is Dreamy” pg. 9. TV Guide. April 29, 1967.
FILM REVIEW. Ebert, Roger. “Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn”. January 1, 1982. Archived. Last Accessed January 27, 2015.
TV SHOW: Landeu, Les “Unification I” Star Trek: The Next Generation. Starring Patrick Stewart, Jonathan Frakes, LeVar Burton, Michael Dorn, Gates McFadden, Marina Sirtis, Brent Spiner, Leonard Nimoy, and Mark Lenard. Jeri Taylor, Michael Piller and Rich Berman ( writers).Airdate: November 2, 1991. Paramount Television
FILM: Meyer, Nicolas (Dir).Star Trek II: The Wrath of Kahn. William Shatner, Ricardo Montalban, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Kirstie Alley, Paul Winfield, Bibi Besch, and Merrit Butrick. Jack B .Sowards, Nicolas Meyer, Harve Bennett, and Samuel A. Peeples ( Writers) 1982. Paramount Pictures.
FILM: Meyer, Nicolas (Dir).Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Kim Catrell, Christopher Plummer, David Warner, Rosanna DeSoto, and Iman. Nicholas Meyer, and Denny Martin Flinn ( Writers) 1991. Paramount Pictures.
Nimoy, Leonard and Naomi Phefferman “Bimah me up, Scotty” The Jewish Journal. December 4, 2003. TRIBE Media Corp. Los Angeles, CA. Archived: Last Accessed January 27, 2016.
FILM: Nimoy, Leonard (Dir.)Star Trek III: The Search for Spock. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Merrit Butrick, Robin Curtis, Christopher Lloyd, Dame Judith Anderson, and Mark Lenard. Harve Bennett ( Writer). 1984. Paramount Pictures.
FILM: Nimoy, Leonard (Dir.)Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Catherine Hicks, Robin Curtis, Jane Wyatt, and Mark Lenard. Steve Meerson, Peter Krikes, Nicolas Meyer, Harve Bennett and Leonard Nimoy (Writers). 1986. Paramount Pictures.
TV SHOW: Pevney, Joseph “City on the Edge of Forever” William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, James Doohan, George Takei, Nichelle, Nichols, John Harmon, Hal Baylor, David L. Ross, John Winston, Bartell La Rue, and Joan Collins. Harlan Ellison (Writer). Original Aridate: April 6,1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.
TV SHOW: Pevney, Joseph “Amok Time” Star Trek. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, DeForest Kelley, Majell Barrett, George Takei, Nichelle Nicols, Wlater Koenig, Byron Morrow, Arlene Martell, Lawrence Montaigne, and Celia Lovsky. Theodore Sturgeon (Writer) Original Airdate: September 15, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.
TV SHOW: Pevney, Joseph “Journey to Babel” Star Trek. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, Nichelle Nichols, William O’Connell, Majel Barrett, Walter Koenig, John Wheeler, James X. Mitchell, Reggie Nalder, Jane Wyatt, and Mark Lenard. DC Fontana ( Writer). Original Airdate: November 17, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.
Rodenberry, Gene. “Star Trek Is…” Archived. Ex Astris Scientia.org. Last Accessed April 16, 2016.
TV SHOW: Senensky, Ralph ( Dir.) “This Side of Paradise” Star Trek. William Shatner, Leoanrd Nimoy, DeForest Kelley, Grant Woods, George Takei, Nichelle Nichols, Micahel Barrier, Dck Scotter, Eddie Paskey, Frank Overton and Jill Ireland. DC Fontana, Nathan Butler (Writers). Original Airdate: March 2, 1967. Desilu Productions/Paramount Television.
FILM: Shatner, William (Dir.) Star Trek V: The Undiscovered Country. William Shatner, Leonard Nimoy, DeForest Kelley , James Doohan, Walter Koenig , Nichelle Nichols, George Takei, Laurence Luckinbill, David Warner, Charles Cooper, Cynthia Couw, and George Murdock. David Loughery, William Shatner, and Harve Bennett ( writers.) 1989. Paramount Pictures.
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1967 Paramount Pictures/CBS Studios/Desilu Productions.